J Nutr Health Aging. 2014 Nov;18(9):800-5. doi: 10.1007/s12603-014-0520-6.

Epigenetic nutraceutical diets in Alzheimer's disease.

Author information

  • 1Giovanni Scapagnini, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso 86100, Italy, g.scapagnini@gmail.com.


There is growing support that environmental influences and individual genetic susceptibility may increase the incidence and accelerate the onset of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Epigenetic mechanisms encompass a complex regulatory network of modifications with considerable impact on health and disease risk. Abnormal epigenetic regulation is a hallmark in many pathological conditions including AD. It is well recognized that numerous bioactive dietary components mediate epigenetic modifications associated with the pathophysiology of several diseases. Although the influences of dietary factors on epigenetic regulation have been extensively investigated, only few studies have explored the effects of specific food components in regulating epigenetic patterns during neurodegeneration and AD. Epigenetic nutritional research has substantial potential for AD and may represent a window of opportunity to complement other interventions. Here, we provide a brief overview of the main mechanisms involved in AD, some of which may be epigenetically modulated by bioactive food.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]